Sabina Hohn
Kinderärztin
Jugendmedizin
Asthmatrainer
Kinderpraxis Sabina Hohn - Zimmer-3

Schwabacher Straße 96
90439 Nürnberg
TEL: 0911 / 61 46 99

Sprechzeiten:

Mo-Di, Do-Fr:   08.50 - 13.00 Uhr und
13.50 - 17.00 Uhr
Mi: 08.50 - 13.00 Uhr


Wir sind vom 15. bis 26. August im Urlaub.


Tips for language development

Rules for good communication between adults and children

Show empathy: Respond to  statements or other communications of the child and ask. For example:”I do not want to go to bed " might mean:" I'm afraid to have a bad dream again "or" I want a little cuddle with you "or something similar.

Explain rules and prohibitions: Do not tell the child just what to do or not do, but explain the background. Example: "You are mean and loud;'ll go to your room". Better would be: "I have a headache, please put down the radio". Nonsensical commands, threats or insults should be avoided.

Convey a sense of achievement: Find the child's strengths and encourage them, because success experiences create self-confidence.

Promote self-reliance: Let the kid make a lot of itmself. Statements like "you're too young for that" should be avoided. Better give aid, but by no means overwhelm the child.

Praise and recognize: give  the child small tasks and don’t go easy on the  praise; thereby the self-confidence grows.

Take time: Clearly show that you are there for the child and it has enough time to tell you something. Undue pressure or stress factors should be avoided.

Can express: Give the child plenty of time to talk and take time for yourself uttering.

Linguistic model represent: Avoid unnecessary diminutives such as "Bobby give me the spoon" and the "baby talk" such as "you can do dodo in Brumbrum".

Other tips: Melody and rhythm define music as well as the language. Songs and poems have a particularly strong rhythm compared to spoken language. Thus they promote the language development of children. In addition, the text is very memorable, expanding your vocabulary and improves the sense of language.

Supporting language options: singing, poetry / rhymes, finger plays, word and letter games, oral motor exercises (better articulation by strengthening and improving the mobility of the lips, cheeks and tongue). The children's language development proceeds very uneven. Some children are already learning with ten months to speak whole words. Other children don’t begin until the age of two. Some children initially speak only single words, others have complete sentences.
Although your child has the innate ability to acquire your native language. But that also implies that you talk with your child. The more help you give your child  forthis, the easier it will fall of language acquisition. To learn language is in fact one of the most difficult tasks for small children. Copying alone is not nearly enough to earn a first language. Language acquisition means above all that the child needs to learn the grammatical rules upon which our language. But how can the child know what a word or where the beginning and end of a sentence are? It learns these things by the way, as you talk to him. Their emphasis, your speech melody and pauses that you set, are now the main support.

Let your voice sound free rein: Children love a varied and exaggerated intonation. Language is not an end in itself. We need you to communicate with other people. Your child learns language in order to get in touch with you can. Take the first step: Get in touch with your child! Always try to re-establish situations in which you can engage fully on your child. It is enough here just a few minutes, for example, while you change the diaper. Try to also get your child's attention.

Get in touch with your child: Look at it and touch it when you talk to him. Try to get his attention. Your child only communicates with you when it wants to. This implies that it experienced talking to you as something pleasant. Your communications should therefore be loving and / or funny.

Convey a positive experience: Positive experiences can be very well convey through small language games. Here, the crosstalk is associated with a game. For example, your fingers ("can jump on the body of the child (" little fingers ten little bounce up and down "), hide (" ten small little fingers go into hiding, ten small little fingers are away at once ") and suddenly reappear whoops , as they are again").

Play little word games: rhymes, verses and rhythmic songs are especially good. Repeat these language games as often as you and your child will like it. Some children do not respond even to the most beautiful language games. Its  parents then listen to often to talk with the child. This is completely understandable, because we adults have learned that two people belong to the communication. With adults, therefore we also  unilateral monologues. But with your child, you should do it!

Play language games even if it is not responsive to your child: but you can try to seduce the child to language. If you observe, making  your child busy, you can do it there, pick up '. It does not matter what you are talking. It is important that they speak and listen to your child there. If your child plays, for example, with the zipper of your jacket, you can click and drag to and develop a language game with the zipper, "On and on, look at Up and down, always cheerful".

Seduce the child to language: The everyday lives of parents are often very stressful. It is therefore not possible to engage in any situation on the child. But even if you lead a tense life, you can build small islands  into your everyday life where the language-supportive communication with your child is in the foreground. These enclaves may well be short-lived.

"Circling" individual words through stories: Your child may try to repeat a single word and make mistakes: for example, "Who has the done in there," done "purely" instead. Avoid giving your child to audition again (eg, "no, that is not done!") Is the wrong word, but you give it just the right word to: "Yes, it has done so in there." Your child will learn not by criticism, but by repeatedly correct verbal offer.

Do not criticize your child for its mistakes, offer a chance to correct them: A child learns language the best when it talks a lot. Provide him the opportunity. Watch yourself, what questions should be directed to your child. Questions that require the child of a single word in response (for example: "What is it?" Or "What is that?") Are not very helpful. Ask why questions that prompt it to more talking. The joint viewing of picture books suitable for this particularly well: "What happened here?" If the child says something, you can ask, for example: "Why has the duck jumped into the water?" or "Where is the little bear is hiding?"

Encourage your child to talk: picture books are perfectly suited to offer language on your part. The same principle applies here as for the child: Individual words are not enough. They form small sentences, describe how things look and what happened. Access to what the child says and add something yourself.If the child, for example, says "car",  you can extend it to a small set of "Yes, exactly, a red car.

Add your own added language: Just when you feel that your child with language development lags behind, you should not restrict your offer. Your child needs the same as other children, but just more of it. Even though it often does not respond to your questions, you stick to it, asking it again and again. Do not give in to ask your child language.


Do not let loose: Your child needs your voice offerings!
 
Have Fun!!